Friday, 20 December 2013

Sangihe & Talaud birds: the most threatened in the world?


Posted by Stuart Marsden, Nigel Collar & Roland Wirth


We hope to soon start a project which will examine the status and conservation needs of endemic birds on the remote islands of Sangihe and Talaud. Here, Stu, Nigel Collar (BirdLife International) and Roland Wirth (ZGAP) discuss the islands’ incredible ornithological importance, the lack of recent knowledge of their birds,  and, with the recent seizure of a large illegal shipment of endemic parrots on Talaud, the desperate need for conservation action on the islands.    
 
The Sangihe and Talaud islands, Indonesia, situated to the south of the Philippines and north of Sulawesi

The small and remote Indonesian islands of Sangihe and Talaud hold the highest concentration of highly threatened bird species anywhere in Asia (and possibly the world). The islands, with a land area of only 2,000 sq km, have long been noted for their endemism and conservation importance, but only now is the degree of this importance truly emerging. Fifteen years ago, Stattersfield et al. (1998) listed five species of bird restricted to the Sangihe and Talaud ‘Endemic Bird Area’. Since then, however, a proliferation of taxonomic revisions and discoveries has resulted in the addition of several more species - Sangihe now possesses nine endemic bird species and Talaud four. Incredibly, there are six Critically endangered, three Endangered, and two Vulnerable bird species in an area a little larger than Greater London.

Talaud Kingfisher (Photo: James Eaton - www.birdtourasia.com)

Roll call of rarity

Sangihe Dwarf Kingfisher Ceyx sangirensis                           [Critically Endangered]
Sangihe Shrike-thrush Colluricincla sanghirensis                  Critically Endangered
Sangihe Golden Bulbul Thapsinillas platenae                       [Critically Endangered]
Caerulean Paradise-flycatcher Eutrichomyias rowleyi         Critically Endangered
Sangihe White-eye Zosterops nehrkorni                                  Critically Endangered
Siau Scops-owl Otus siaoensis                                                    Critically Endangered
Elegant Sunbird Aethopyga duyvenbodei                                Endangered
Talaud Rail Gymnocrex talaudensis                                          Endangered
Red-and-blue Lory Eos histrio                                                    Endangered
Talaud Bush-hen Amaurornis magnirostris                           Vulnerable
Grey Imperial-pigeon Ducula pickeringii                                 Vulnerable
Nicobar Pigeon Caloenas nicobarica                                         Near Threatened
Sangihe Hanging-parrot Loriculus catamene                          Near Threatened
Sangihe Kingfisher Cittura sanghirensis                                 [Near Threatened]
Talaud Kingfisher Todiramphus enigma                                  Near Threatened

One of the few non-threatened endemic birds on Sangihe and the only one named after Nigel: Sangihe Scops-owl Otus collari (Photo: James Eaton, www.birdtourasia.com)

Most of these species are dependent on the islands’ dwindling forest. Critically, there appears to have been no update on the status of birds in the islands since the Action Sampiri expeditions of the mid- to late 1990s (Riley 1997; Riley & Wardill 2001), which were financed in part by Loro Parque Fundaci√≥n. There are, however, reports of declines in some forest species, e.g. Caerulean Paradise-flycatcher and Sangihe Shrike-thrush (Sykes 2009), numbers of which appear to lie in the region of just 20‒50 individuals each. Moreover, this century, despite annual visits by bird tours, the Sangihe Golden Bulbul appears to have been seen only twice and the Sangihe Dwarf-kingfisher and Sangihe White-eye not at all. 

One of only three specimens of Sangihe Golden Bulbul. This from Naturalis, Leiden (Photo: Nigel Collar)

A recent visit to northern Sulawesi by Roland Wirth revealed potentially devastating news for the islands’ birds. A consignment of 111 Red-and-blue Lories were seized by police in Talaud in November 2013. These birds were bound for the Philippines. Reports suggest that 800 or as many as 1,800 lories per year are taken from the island by this one dealer. As well as trade in its own parrots, Talaud appears to also be a major stepping stone of wildlife trade from elsewhere in Indonesia to the Philippines. A rare Javan leopard Panthera pardus melas was also confiscated in the Talaud islands some time ago. 

Shipment of 111 Red-and-blue Lories confiscated in Talaud. All birds were covered in honey solution, so birds would lick each other and remain quiet during the smuggling (Photo: Tasikoki Wildlife Rescue Center).

According to Michael Wangko of the local NGO KOMPAK, there are now fewer than ten known roosts left occupied by lories on the island - each with just 100-300 birds. Parrots are captured at these roosts by covering branches with sticky bird lime or snares made of nylon fishing line. The surviving birds are now being cared for by Simon Purser and staff at the Tasikoki Wildlife Rescue Centre (www.tasikoki.org) in northern Sulawesi.


Our project aims to

  1. Estimate densities, population sizes and examine habitat associations of all birds;
  2. Identify current forest coverage and forest loss over the last 20 years;
  3. Evaluate human use of and impacts on protected areas and other key sites
  4. Evaluate trade and trapping pressure on all parrot species
  5. Make recommendations for habitat management, site regulation and policy improvement.

References

Riley, J. (1997) Biological surveys and conservation priorities on the Sangihe and Talaud 
islands, Indonesia: the final report of Action Sampiri 1995–1997. Cambridge, UK: CSB Conservation Publications.

Riley, J. & Wardill, J. C. (2001)The rediscovery of the Cerulean Paradise-flycatcher Eutrichomyias rowleyi on Sangihe, Indonesia. Forktail 17: 45–55.

Stattersfield, A. J., Crosby, M. J., Long, M. J. &Wege, D. C. (1998) Endemic Bird Areas of the world: priorities for biodiversity conservation. Cambridge, UK: BirdLife International (Conservation Series 7).

Sykes, B. (2009) OBC conservation: news update and requests for practical help. BirdingASIA 12: 107–108.


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  28. I have been suffering from (HERPES) disease for the last four years and had constant pain, especially in my knees. During the first year, I had faith in God that I would be healed someday.This disease started to circulate all over my body and I have been taking treatment from my doctor, a few weeks ago I came on search on the internet if I could get any information concerning the prevention of this disease, on my search I saw a testimony of someone who has been healed from (Hepatitis B and Cancer) by this Man Dr. Silver and she also gave the email address of this man and advise we should contact him for any sickness that he would be of help, so I wrote to Dr. Silver telling him about my (HERPES Virus) he told me not to worry that I was going to be cured!! hmm i never believed it,, well after all the procedures and remedy given to me by this man few weeks later I started experiencing changes all over me as the Dr. assured me that I have cured, after some time i went to my doctor to confirmed if I have been finally healed behold it was TRUE, So friends my advice is if you have such sickness or any other at all you can email Dr. Silver (drsilverhealingtemple@gmail.com) sir I am indeed grateful for the help I will forever recommend you to my friends!!! with your lovely Email Address ( drsilverhealingtemple@gmail.com

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  29. i have been suffering from a deadly disease (Hsv) for the past 3 years now, I had spent a lIot of money going from one places to another, from churches to churches, hospitals have been my home every day residence. Constant checks up have been my hobby not until this faithful day, I was searching through the internet, I saw a testimony on how Dr Onokun helped someone in curing his (Hsv) herpes disease, quickly I copied his email which is Dronokunherbalcure@gmail.com just to give him a test I spoke to him, he asked me to do some certain things which I did, he told me that he is going to provide the herbal cure to me, which he did, then he asked me to go for medical checkup after some days after using the herbal cure, behold I was free from the deadly disease, he only asked me to post the testimony through the whole world, faithfully am doing it now, please brothers and sisters, he is great, I owe him in return. if you are having a similar problem just email him on : Dronokunherbalcure@gmail.com

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  30. i have been suffering from a deadly disease (Hsv) for the past 3 years now, I had spent a lIot of money going from one places to another, from churches to churches, hospitals have been my home every day residence. Constant checks up have been my hobby not until this faithful day, I was searching through the internet, I saw a testimony on how Dr Onokun helped someone in curing his (Hsv) herpes disease, quickly I copied his email which is Dronokunherbalcure@gmail.com just to give him a test I spoke to him, he asked me to do some certain things which I did, he told me that he is going to provide the herbal cure to me, which he did, then he asked me to go for medical checkup after some days after using the herbal cure, behold I was free from the deadly disease, he only asked me to post the testimony through the whole world, faithfully am doing it now, please brothers and sisters, he is great, I owe him in return. if you are having a similar problem just email him on : Dronokunherbalcure@gmail.com

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  31. i have been suffering from a deadly disease (Hsv) for the past 3 years now, I had spent a lIot of money going from one places to another, from churches to churches, hospitals have been my home every day residence. Constant checks up have been my hobby not until this faithful day, I was searching through the internet, I saw a testimony on how Dr Onokun helped someone in curing his (Hsv) herpes disease, quickly I copied his email which is Dronokunherbalcure@gmail.com just to give him a test I spoke to him, he asked me to do some certain things which I did, he told me that he is going to provide the herbal cure to me, which he did, then he asked me to go for medical checkup after some days after using the herbal cure, behold I was free from the deadly disease, he only asked me to post the testimony through the whole world, faithfully am doing it now, please brothers and sisters, he is great, I owe him in return. if you are having a similar problem just email him on : Dronokunherbalcure@gmail.com

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  36. God bless Dr Ebacol for his marvelous work in my life, I was diagnosed of HERPES SIMPLEX VIRUS since 2018 and I was taking my medications, I wasn’t satisfied i needed to get the HERPES out of my system, I searched about some possible cure for HERPES i saw a comment about Dr.Ebacol, how he cured HERPES with his herbal medicine, I contacted him and he guided me. I asked for solutions, he started the remedy for my health, he sent me the medicine within 3 days. I took the medicine as prescribed by him and 2weeks later i was cured from HERPES contact him via email (drebacolherbalhome1@gmail.com) or whatsapp him on             +2348159042641      once again thanks Dr.Ebacol          

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  38. So some days ago I was on the internet and found a lady complaining of recurrent herpes symptoms and how this has damaged her relationships, also on the post I read about how many people say that herpes has come to stay forever and that there will never be a cure for it. The truth is I am a living proof that there are remedies to herpes, I am 42 this year and I had herpes before and it all went away in 2017 after weeks of having to use a certain herbs medication from an online store https://naturalherbsremedystore.square.site email ( dr.osojo@gmail.com ), my doctor certified the medicine as good to digest and just not less than 3 weeks of using the herbs. I realised the recurrence symptoms were gone and medical results were carried out and confirmed that I no longer had it.
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  39. I am here to give my testimony about Dr Ebhota who helped me.. i want to inform the public how i was cured from (HERPES SIMPLEX VIRUS) by salami, i visited different hospital but they gave me list of drugs like Famvir, Zovirax, and Valtrex which is very expensive to treat the symptoms and never cured me. I was browsing through the Internet searching for remedy on HERPES and i saw comment of people talking about how Dr Ehbota cured them. when i contacted him he gave me hope and send a Herbal medicine to me that i took for just 2 weeks and it seriously worked for me, my HERPES result came out negative. I am so happy as i am sharing this testimony. My advice to you all who thinks that there is no cure for herpes that is Not true just contact him and get cure from Dr Ebhota healing herbal cure of all kinds of sickness you may have like (1) CANCER,(2) DIABETES,(3) HIV&AIDS,(4) URINARY TRACT INFECTION,(5) CANCER,(6) IMPOTENCE,(7) BARENESS/INFERTILITY(8) DIARRHEA(9) ASTHMA(10)SIMPLEX HERPES AND GENITAL(11)COLD SOREHERPES. he also cure my friend from cervical cancer Email: drebhotasoultion@gmail.com or whatsapp him on +2348089535482

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  42. This card are real i got my card few hours ago and am just coming back from the ATM where i made my first withdraw of 1500$ i am going crazy this is fucking real OSCAR WHITE sorry for being so skeptical about it at first don’t blame me the street these days got fucked up lots of scammers and now i can recommend whoever needs a blank ATM card with about $50,000 on it which you can withdraw within a month because the card has a daily limit.if you are facing any financial problem contact him asap email address is oscarwhitehackersworld@gmail.com or whats-app +1(513)-299-8247 as soon as possible .

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